Group Read 27: The Big Book of Science Fiction
Story #20 of 107: “Beyond Lies the Wub” by Philip K. Dick
“Beyond Lies the Wub” is Philip K. Dick’s first publish story and we can already see hints of what’s to come in his future writing. It’s a fun little story with a cheeky horror twist. The wub is a gentle creature who loves to enjoy itself, indulging in food, conversation, and philosophy. I wonder if PKD saw himself as the wub? In the end Captain Franco kills the wub and eats it — and we’re shocked to learn that the wub takes over his mind. I wonder if PKD saw himself in this too, because we read his stories, putting them inside us, and we write and talk about them becoming a little bit like PKD.
Yesterday I wrote about my lifelong addiction to science fiction at my personal blog. I was lamenting that I wasn’t challenging myself much by reading science fiction short stories which I felt were only a couple steps up from comic books. Comments were left defending comic books, but I wasn’t attacking them. What I was implying is art represents different levels of complexity to create and takes different levels of effort to consume. Art is anti-entropic. I was saying science fiction short stories on average require more complexity to create and consume than comic book stories. (I wasn’t considering the comic art in the comparison.) The average science fiction novel takes more work to create and read than the average science fiction short story. But I also believe the best literary novels and short stories are more complex on average than most of the best science fiction novels and short stories.
Take for example the Jorge Luis Borges story we read. Borges was far more ambitious in that story than any of the other stories we read so far. It took more cognitive effort to write, and it takes us far more cognitive effort to read. I was criticizing myself for indulging in mostly consuming science fiction in my lifetime rather than pursuing more active activities, or even consuming more complex art.
But the thing is I enjoyed “Beyond Lies the Wub” more than I did “Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius,” even though the PKD is much closer to comic book writing, and the Borges is far more complex than average science fiction short story writing. I shouldn’t though. “Beyond Lies the Wub” is junk food, and “Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius” is haute cuisine, relatively speaking. But who’s to say which is superior?
In past years, I believe the average level of complexity of the short stories of The Best American Short Stories annuals were greater than the complexity of science fiction short stories in their annual best of the year volumes for the same years. I would say that if we compared the 2021 annuals from this year, science fiction is approaching the complexity of literary writing, but hasn’t quite caught up.
I also feel that the complexity of the science fiction stories we’re reading in The Big Book of Science Fiction from each period doesn’t always match the highest level of complexity from other stories that could have been chosen. “Surface Tension” is definitely far more complex than “Beyond Lies the Wub” for a 1952 science fiction story, but it is far less sophisticated than “Baby Is Three” by Theodore Sturgeon.
“Beyond Lies the Wub” is a fun story, but it’s far from PKD’s best. Why is it here when there is much better SF from that era? Why did the VanderMeers skip over “Coming Attraction” by Fritz Leiber and “Scanners Live in Vain” by Cordwainer Smith both from 1950? These were dazzling stories that began the decade for science fiction and showed a quantum leap over the what was being written in the 1940s. If we had to have a PKD story from the 1950s, why not “Second Variety?” And is the 1950s the right decade for using our one PKD story?
I can think of a lot of science fiction stories from the 1950s that are far more complex and challenging than the ones we’re getting in this anthology. But was that the goal of the book? “Beyond Lies the Wub” is fun, and quite often I prefer reading just for fun, so I can’t blame the VanderMeers for their choice if that’s the case.
In my essay yesterday I was basically lamenting I could have done more with my life than read all that science fiction. But it is the art form I chose to admire and become part of my life. And in my retirement years I’ve been focusing on science fiction short stories. And I’m learning that some science fiction stories are way better than others – in my subjective view. However, if we use complexity to measure them, isn’t that less subjective and more objective?
“Fondly Fahrenheit” by Alfred Bester and “The Moon Moth” by Jack Vance are far more complex than the stories we’re getting in The Big Book of Science Fiction. Why weren’t they chosen? Bester and Vance were dazzling in their writing. If we’re given a collection of stories that claim to be the ultimate science fiction short stories of the 20th century, shouldn’t they be the most ambitious, challenging, and complex examples? I don’t know. I’m just wondering?
James Wallace Harris, 9/27/21
9 thoughts on ““Beyond Lies the Wub” by Philip K. Dick”
Sorry to quibble, but the editors don’t claim that the stories in the book are “the ultimate science fiction short stories of the 20th century”. They claim that the anthology (as a whole) is “the ultimate collection”. This leaves them free to include eccentric choices, which they have done in many cases. They’re hoping that the overall impression the book makes is that of “the ultimate collection”, whatever that means.
An interesting exercise would be to second guess every selection and suggest a better story by each author.
That’s true. Ultimate can be interpreted in different ways. Ultimate can mean the last, or the best, or maybe even the largest. I took it to mean the best or the last collection we’ll ever need.
If complexity would be the measure, then one would read Gene Wolfe and be done with it.
Well, for the one Gene Wolfe story.
But there are many factors that go into artistic complexity. A simple story can suggest great philosophical complexity, such as “The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas.”
Actually, what we’re looking for is multiplex richness. A great story can work on multiple levels at once.
“Beyond Lies the Wub” is a fun story that works well on a very simple level. But is it the story PKD would want to be remembered by, or the story his most ardent fans would want new readers to discover him by?
I know this is probably just me, but as I read through this anthology I feel like I’m visiting science fiction year by year, decade by decade, and this is how we’re remembering the past. Unfortunately, I often want to remember those years differently. I guess I need to edit my own anthology.
LikeLiked by 1 person
I liked the wub, it has a hidden depth. https://reiszwolf.wordpress.com/2017/05/27/beyond-lies-the-wub-•-1952-•-sf-short-story-by-philip-k-dick/
Just linking an excellent narration for your not so well read followers (like myself), great blog -please don’t ever hit delete …have a long term ambition to plough through the works discussed!
Thanks for the link. I love hearing science fiction stories read aloud.
Good stuff -there is a wealth of narrations on that channel, thanks again for the blog